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Accepting Patients for the Treatment of Opioid & Narcotic Dependence.

Facts About Commonly Abused Drugs

Our program specializes in treatment of opioid dependency. Tolerance can develop after 2 to 3 days of continued opioid use. People who have developed tolerance may show few signs of drug use and function normally in their usual activities as long as they have access to drugs. Opioid dependency is a medical diagnosis characterized by an individual's increased tolerance and inability to stop using opioids, even when objectively in his or her best interest to do so. Research has demonstrated a significantly high level of relapse with opioid dependency.

Methadone maintenance is the most widely known and researched treatment option for opioid dependency. There are three therapeutic goals for methadone treatment: eliminate drug withdrawal symptoms with a proper and stable methadone dose, elimination of drug use cravings, and to block the euphoric effects of illicit opioid abuse. Once stabilized on methadone, other chronic medical concerns and psychiatric conditions may be better managed and treated. Methadone maintenance is a highly effective treatment program, with increasing levels of successful recovery.

Below is a list of the more commonly used opioids:

OxyContin® is a tablet containing a combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone. It is a narcotic analgesic used to relieve pain, and is associated with opioid abuse and dependency. OxyContin® has a large dose of Oxycodone and is designed to be released over a twelve (12) hour period. When crushed and used, the time-release mechanism is defeated and the medication produces a euphoric high similar to heroin or opium. Withdrawal from this medication is very severe.

Vicodin® is a derivative of opium, which is also used to manufacture heroin and is one of the most commonly abused prescription pain medications today. The body becomes dependent upon Vicodin® so quickly that the user does not realize it is happening. Addicts may choose not to stop using Vicodin® out of fear of severe withdrawal or simply because they no longer know how to function without it.

Vicoprofen® is a narcotic analgesic which combines hydrocodone and ibuprofen. It is a schedule III Controlled Substance that produces physical dependency with continued and increasing use.

Hydrocodone® Hydrocodone (related to codeine) is in a class of drugs called narcotic analgesics, and is mixed with other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain and coughing. It is moderately addictive if inappropriately used for extended periods of time.

Lortab® is a narcotic analgesic used to relieve pain, and is related to codeine. It is very addictive.

Fiorinal® is a strong, non-narcotic pain reliever and muscle relaxant. It combines a non-narcotic, sedative barbiturate (butalbital) with a pain reliever (aspirin) and a stimulant (caffeine). Used to excess and over an extended period of time, this medication produces physical dependency and moderate to severe withdrawal symptoms.

Percocet®, a narcotic analgesic, is used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. It contains two drugs--acetaminophen and oxycodone. Acetaminophen is used to reduce both pain and fever. Oxycodone, a narcotic analgesic, is used for its calming effect and for pain. When taken for prolonged periods, physical dependency may develop, with moderate withdrawal.

Darvocet® and Darvon® are mild narcotic analgesics prescribed for the relief of pain. They are a propoxyphene drug that produces mild to moderate physical dependency when used for extended periods.

Ultram® (Tramadol) is a narcotic-like pain reliever, which is an opiate antagonist (works against opioids). Research has found this medication to be equally as addicting as an opioid, and produces moderately severe withdrawal symptoms. The extended release qualities produce a euphoric high when crushed and administered.

You should consult your physician immediately if you experience these opioid overdose symptoms:

  • shallow breathing, slow heartbeat;
  • seizure (convulsions);
  • cold, clammy skin;
  • confusion;
  • severe weakness or dizziness; or
  • feeling light-headed, fainting.

Opioid withdrawal symptoms vary on intensity, but include:

  • Yawning
  • Sweating
  • Lacrimation (tears)
  • Rhinorrhea (runny nose)
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia
  • Dilated pupils
  • Chills
  • Tachycardia (rapid heart beat)
  • Hypertension
  • Nausea / Vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Generalized muscle aches and pains.

Click here to visit the National Institute on Drug Abuse to review their commonly abused drug chart.

This link will take you the the National Institute on Drug Abuse to learn more about prescription drug abuse: Click Here